Who is Melchizedek ?

Melchizedek is a mysterious character who shows up in three places in the Bible, Genesis 14, Psalm 110, and Hebrews 7.  His is first introduced in Genesis 14 after Abram defeated the confederation of kings and rescued Lot. He is only mentioned one more time in the old testament in psalm 110 – “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek,” that is  until the writer of Hebrews expounded on  him.

Melchizedek means “king of righteousness,” he was the “king of Salem” – which means “peace” and “priest of the most high God.”   Melchizedek was both a king and a priest. This is interesting because God would not allow any man throughout the old testament to take both these positions – there attempts were bunged, for this special position of both a king and priest was reserved for His Son, is the position of His Son.

The writer of Hebrews talks about Melchizedek to show us Jesus in His heavenly priesthood.  Melchizedek is the heavenly priesthood while the earthly priesthood is for the descendants of Levi. These two priesthoods can be contrasted.

Earthly Priesthood Heavenly Priesthood
Death prevents continuation Continues forever
Had a beginning Had no beginning
Inferior Superior
Many in it’s geneology Just one
Typology Reality


Melchizedek appearing to Abraham was Jesus Himself.  Hebrews 7:1-3 describes Melchizedek and says “He remains a priest continually.” Melchizedek could not be a type because otherwise He could not remain a priest continually. This scripture is saying that Melchizedek is remaining a priest continually, but Jesus is our High priest – Melchizedek is remaining our High Priest continually because Melchizedek was an actual appearance of Christ.

Jesus Himself said “Abraham was glad to see my day and he saw it and was glad.” Abraham saw an appearance of Jesus. He saw Jesus in His future role as both king and priest. Melchizedek has all the attributes which would make Him an appearance of Jesus

1. He gave communion,

2. He’s the king of peace,

3. the king of righteousness,

4. there is no genealogy,

5. He remains a priest continually

6. Abram paid  tithes to Him.

7. Abraham also worshipped Him.

The earthly priesthood as a mediator to God has been made obsolete and we now get to go into the throne room in heaven itself directly via our great high priest. We have a great high priest who has passed through the heavens, Has anchored our souls in the Presence Himself, is sitting at the right hand of God and is interceding for us.  The truth of Hebrews 7 reveals to us that we have a living king, whose also a living priest, whose living now.

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